In 1272 Dubrovnik was its own small republic, following Roman laws and local customs, including town planning. The Republic was very inventive regarding laws and institutions which were developed. It was also one of the first republics to recognize American independence.
1301 – Medical services introduced
1317 – Franciscan Monks opened a pharmacy (working today)
1347 – Refuge for the elderly began
1377 – The first quarantine facility opened (Lazareti)
1418 – Slave trading was abolished
1432 – Saint Claire Convent opened the first orphanage
1436 – A water supply was constructed (Onofrio fountain still working)